Boris Pasternak

Boris Pasternak was born on February 10 in the year 1890 as a son of a pianist and a professor of painting and graphics. He comes from a Russian - Jewish family with roots and many contacts to Germany.

From 1903 Pasternak dealt very successfully with music theory and composition. He then studied philosophy, first in Moscow and from 1912 in Marburg at Cohen. In 1905/06 his entire family lived in Berlin.

His first book of poetry appeared in 1914, but it was not until his third publication, "My Sister - Life" (1917), that he became known beyond the literary circles. 1921 his parents moved ultimately to Berlin and lived there until the end of their lives. Pasternak was among others a friend of Maxim Gorky, A. Scriabin, R.M. Rilke, Marina Tsvetayeva, Vladimir Mayakovsky and Osip Mandelstam.

In the Stalin era, many of his friends were arrested and murdered, he lived reclusively from translations of mostly German texts into Russian (Goethe, Schiller, Kleist). Since 1946, his work in his motherland was increasingly criticised by the rulers. Nevertheless, in 1957, his soon-to-be world-famous novel "Doctor Zhivago" appeared in Italy after it was not published in Russia.

In 1958 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, which he had to reject for fear of political persecution and impending expulsion from the Soviet Union. Boris Pasternak p on May 30, passed away 1960 in Peredelkino near Moscow.